» Vagrant and Windows Subsystem for Linux
Windows has recently introduced a new feature called the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL). This is a beta feature available in developer mode on recent releases of Windows 10. It is important to note that this feature is still in beta on Windows, and Vagrant support should be considered alpha.
Warning: Advanced Topic! Using Vagrant within the Windows Subsystem for Linux is an advanced topic that only experienced Vagrant users who are reasonably comfortable with Windows, WSL, and Linux should approach.
Installation requires WSL, Ubuntu on Windows, and Vagrant. Read on for installation instructions for each item.
» Windows Subsystem for Linux and Ubuntu on Windows
First install the Windows Subsystem for Linux, followed by Ubuntu on Windows. This guide from Microsoft walks through the process:
» Vagrant Installation
Vagrant must be installed within Ubuntu on Windows. Even though the
file can be executed from within the WSL, it will not function as expected. To
install Vagrant into the WSL, follow these steps:
- Download the 64-bit Debian package from the downloads page.
- Open a
- Enter the command:
- Install vagrant:
sudo dpkg -i vagrant_VERSION_x86_64.deb
C:\Users\vagrant> bash vagrant@vagrant-10:/mnt/c/Users/vagrant$ sudo dpkg -i vagrant_VERSION_x86_64.deb [sudo] password for vagrant: (Reading database ... 31885 files and directories currently installed.) Preparing to unpack vagrant_VERSION_x86_64.deb ... Unpacking vagrant (1:VERSION) ... Setting up vagrant (1:VERSION) ... vagrant@vagrant-10:/mnt/c/Users/vagrant$ vagrant help Usage: vagrant [options] <command> [<args>]
» Vagrant Usage
Vagrant will detect when it is being run within the WSL and adjust how it
locates and executes third party executables. For example, when using the
VirtualBox provider Vagrant will interact with VirtualBox installed on
the Windows system, not within the WSL. It is important to ensure that
any required Windows executable is available within your
PATH to allow
Vagrant to access them.
For example, when using the VirtualBox provider:
export PATH="$PATH:/mnt/c/Program Files/Oracle/VirtualBox"
» Windows Access
Working within the WSL provides a layer of isolation from the actual
Windows system. In most cases Vagrant will need access to the actual
Windows system to function correctly. As most Vagrant providers will
need to be installed on Windows directly (not within the WSL) Vagrant
will require Windows access. Access to the Windows system is controlled
via an environment variable:
this environment variable is set, Vagrant will access the Windows system
to run executables and enable things like synced folders. When running
in a bash shell within WSL, the environment variable can be setup like so:
$ export VAGRANT_WSL_ENABLE_WINDOWS_ACCESS="1"
This will enable Vagrant to access the Windows system outside of the
WSL and properly interact with Windows executables. This will automatically
VAGRANT_HOME environment variable if it is not already defined,
setting it to be within the user's home directory on Windows.
It is important to note that paths shared with the Windows system will not have Linux permissions enforced. For example, when a directory within the WSL is synced to a guest using the VirtualBox provider, any local permissions defined on that directory (or its contents) will not be visible from the guest. Likewise, any files created from the guest within the synced folder will be world readable/writeable in WSL.
Other useful WSL related environment variables:
VAGRANT_WSL_WINDOWS_ACCESS_USER- Override current Windows username
VAGRANT_WSL_DISABLE_VAGRANT_HOME- Do not modify the
VAGRANT_WSL_WINDOWS_ACCESS_USER_HOME_PATH- Custom Windows system home path
If a Vagrant project directory is not within the user's home directory on the
Windows system, certain actions that include permission checks may fail (like
vagrant ssh). When accessing Vagrant projects outside the WSL Vagrant will
skip these permission checks when the project path is within the path defined
VAGRANT_WSL_WINDOWS_ACCESS_USER_HOME_PATH environment variable. For
example, if a user wants to run a Vagrant project from the WSL that is located
C:\Users\vagrant> cd C:\TestDir\vagrant-project C:\TestDir\vagrant-project> bash vagrant@vagrant-10:/mnt/c/TestDir/vagrant-project$ export VAGRANT_WSL_WINDOWS_ACCESS_USER_HOME_PATH="/mnt/c/TestDir" vagrant@vagrant-10:/mnt/c/TestDir/vagrant-project$ vagrant ssh
» Using Docker
The docker daemon cannot be run inside the Windows Subsystem for Linux. However, the daemon can be run on Windows and accessed by Vagrant while running in the WSL. Once docker is installed and running on Windows, export the following environment variable to give Vagrant access:
vagrant@vagrant-10:/mnt/c/Users/vagrant$ export DOCKER_HOST=tcp://127.0.0.1:2375