»Plugin Development: Hosts
This page documents how to add new host OS detection to Vagrant, allowing Vagrant to properly execute host-specific operations on new operating systems. Prior to reading this, you should be familiar with the plugin development basics.
Warning: Advanced Topic! Developing plugins is an advanced topic that only experienced Vagrant users who are reasonably comfortable with Ruby should approach.
Vagrant has some features that require host OS-specific actions, such as exporting NFS folders. These tasks vary from operating system to operating system. Vagrant uses host detection as well as host capabilities to perform these host OS-specific operations.
Within the context of a plugin definition, new hosts can be defined like so:
host "ubuntu" do require_relative "host" Host end
Hosts are defined with the
host method. The first argument is the
name of the host. This name is not actually used anywhere, but may in the
future, so choose something helpful. Then, the block argument returns a
class that implements the
Vagrant.plugin(2, :host) interface.
Implementations of hosts subclass
Vagrant.plugin("2", "host"). Within
this implementation, only the
detect? method needs to be implemented.
detect? method is called by Vagrant very early on in its initialization
process to determine if the OS that Vagrant is running on is this host.
If you detect that it is your operating system, return
class MyHost < Vagrant.plugin("2", "host") def detect?(environment) File.file?("/etc/arch-release") end end
After detecting an OS, that OS is used for various host capabilities that may be required.
Vagrant also supports a form of inheritance for hosts, since sometimes operating systems stem from a common root. A good example of this is Linux is the root of Debian, which further is the root of Ubuntu in many cases. Inheritance allows hosts to share a lot of common behavior while allowing distro-specific overrides.
Inheritance is not done via standard Ruby class inheritance because Vagrant uses a custom capability-based system. Vagrant handles inheritance dispatch for you.
To subclass another host, specify that host's name as a second parameter in the host definition:
host "ubuntu", "debian" do require_relative "host" Host end
With the above component, the "ubuntu" host inherits from "debian." When a capability is looked up for "ubuntu", all capabilities from "debian" are also available, and any capabilities in "ubuntu" override parent capabilities.
When detecting operating systems with
detect?, Vagrant always does a
depth-first search by searching the children operating systems before
checking their parents. Therefore, it is guaranteed in the above example
detect? method on "ubuntu" will be called before "debian."